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A plan for remaking the news business

University building

Economist Julia Cagé proposes a solution to the news media's financial crisis — a new form of organization modeled after major universities that combine commercial and nonprofit activities: "The question is not whether the media should be subsidized. It is rather whether they should be granted a favorable legal and tax status in recognition of their contribution to democracy — a status comparable to that long enjoyed by many other participants in the knowledge economy."

Do science writers need to be scientists?

Scientist at microscope

Sabrina Talukdar writes about a debate in front of British doctoral students that began with a majority supporting the proposition that journalists covering science should have a background in science. By the end, that sentiment had shifted strongly in the opposite direction: "The final result saw a swing to 73% voting against the motion and only 27% remaining in support." Also, Paul Raeburn on what every journalist should know about science.

Can artificial intelligence do journalism?

Computer keyboard

Sarah O'Connor tested her writing skill against a machine named Emma to see who could do a better job on a business story. The answer? It's not clear: "In truth, most people who work on artificial intelligence admit it is not going to make humans obsolete any time soon. It is simply not intelligent enough yet. What is beginning to happen, though, is more subtle but no less important. The lines are beginning to blur between work done by humans and that done by machines."

Why Oliver laughs at science coverage

John Oliver

Jon Brooks talks to one of the consultants on that John Oliver segment on science reporting, Health News Review publisher Gary Schwitzer, and asks about the journalism that gave rise to the jokes: "We treat anything published in a journal as if it’s from Moses coming down the mountaintop with a set of stone tablets. Journals were never meant to be sources for the 24-hour news cycle — they are meant to be a forum for discussion among scientists."

A data journalism project gets misused

Oxycontin sign in drug store

ProPublica won praise in 2013 when it posted a database on doctors' prescribing habits, pinpointing likely cases of abuse. But now, Stephen Engelberg writes, the independent journalism organization has discovered that some people are using the database for purposes that aren't praiseworthy: "We picked up clear signs that some readers are using the data for another purpose: To search for doctors likely to prescribe them some widely abused drugs, many of them opioids."

What skills do hiring editors want?

Sign on door reading

Benjamin Mullin talks to Mark Stencel, an author of a new Tow-Knight Center report that asked 39 news leaders what they are looking for when hiring: "Having more than one specialized skill can make a potential recruit more marketable. But being excellent at a combination of two things, or even a few things that logically go together, seems more realistic than trying to be excellent at everything." More from Steve Buttry.

As reporting jobs fade, PR jobs boom

Keyboard with

Mike Rosenberg noticed something that disturbed him during his most recent journalism job hunt: "For every one job result for a reporter, photojournalist or TV producer, you’ll get 10 results for jobs available to people with journalism backgrounds or degrees to switch careers toward marketing, advertising and — most of all — public relations." He researched further and learned that there are now 4.8 PR people per journalist, more than twice the ratio of 15 years ago.

Where have all the editors gone?

An editor's desktop

One side effect of the newspaper business's decline is an editor shortage, Alison MacAdam writes. Whereas daily journalism once served as a training ground for young editors, today's fast-paced digital version devalues editing, and that's a shame: "Editing may not be sexy. It may not nourish the ego. But (do I need to say it?) great editing makes every story more distinctive and memorable. Editors give stories structure, they elevate characters and they hone focus."

Is journalism still a good career choice?

Stack of folded newspapers

Wisconsin reporter Bill Lueders was talking to high school students about the joys of journalism. Afterward, one student came to him with a question: "She was considering going into journalism and wondered if I had any advice. I told her something about getting real-world experience by writing for student papers, but perhaps I should have given a different answer: 'Don’t.'" Also, Benjamin Mullin profiles some journalists who decided to go solo.

Journalism's confirmation bias problem

Man covering eyes, image via Shutterstock

Recent longform failures — from sources like Rolling Stone and SBNation — show what can happen when writers and editors see only what they want to see, Michael Fitzgerald writes: "Sometimes we want to believe our own stories badly enough that we make them true, regardless of the evidence in front of us. That’s what seems to have happened at SBNation when it published, then pulled, a story about Daniel Holtzclaw, the failed football player turned serial rapist."